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Preventing Son Preference and Undervaluing of Girls in Eastern Europe and Central Asia

Technical Reports and Document

Gender-biased sex selection has emerged since the early 1990s as a widespread practice in parts of the Eastern Europe and Central Asia (EECA) region and now constitutes a significant challenge to the countries affected. The preference of many parents for sons, combined with the use of modern reproductive technologies and declining fertility, has skewed the normal ratio between male and female births in several countries, mostly in the South Caucasus and parts of South-Eastern Europe. As a result, an estimated 171,000 girls are already “missing” in the region, and there has been a growing surplus of men. Research conducted in the region suggests that gender-biased sex selection occurs in a diverse range of countries that have three elements in common: a strong preference for male offspring, declining fertility rates and access to modern ultrasound technologies. The practice has far-reaching negative consequences, as it endangers the health and rights of women and girls, perpetuates a culture of gender inequality and jeopardizes sustainable social development and stability. 

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Humanitarian Action 2021 Overview - Eastern Europe and Central Asia

Fact Sheet

Regional summary for 2020 and regional outlook for 2021

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Depopulation As A Policy Challenge In The Context Of Global Demographic Trends

Publication

 

Depopulation is a recurring theme, but its contemporary causes tell a new story. Population decline today is the partial result of a natural development process. A smaller population does not have to be the defining factor of a country in economic or geopolitical considerations. A population’s composition is more consequential than simply its size. This report addresses depopulation from a multi-dimensional demographic perspective, not only looking at population size and age structure, but also differentiating by level of education and labor force participation.

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Comprehensive Sexuality Education - Factsheet Series

Fact Sheet

This publication is the Comprehensive Sexuality Education Factsheet series. It present evidence of the benefits of CSE to allow advocates to develop effective advocacy campaigns and materials based on evidence particularly for Europe and Central Asia.

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QGIS for Digital Cartography in Censuses and Surveys

Technical Reports and Document

Technical guidance on digital mapping and analysis with QGIS.

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Violence Against Women Living with Disabilities in South-East and Eastern Europe

Publication

This evidence brief aims to provide information on the prevalence, causes and consequences of violence against women with disabilities, and on the access to services of women with disabilities who have been experiencing different forms of partner and non-partner gender-based violence. 

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Demographic Resilience Programme for Europe & Central Asia

Publication

This brochure provides an overview of UNFPA’s Demographic Resilience Programme, which aims to strengthen the capacity of countries in Europe and Central Asia to respond to the profound demographic shifts the region is experiencing. 

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Demographic Dividend Atlas

Publication

A visual snapshot of the current national status of development indicators that matter to a Demographic Dividend.

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Implications of COVID-19 for Older Persons

Technical Reports and Document

A technical brief on addressing older persons' specific needs within preparedness and response to the COVID-19 pandemic.

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Ageing populations & COVID-19 risk

Publication

Europe is the region with the world's largest proportion of older persons. Almost 1 in 4 Europeans – 24% of the continent’s total population of 850 million – is 60 years or older.

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