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Türkiye Earthquake Situation Report

Situation Report

The massive earthquakes that struck eastern Türkiye in February 2023 affected around 9.1 million people across 11 provinces, leaving over 3.6 million individuals nationwide without safe homes. One year after, in the most affected provinces (including Adiyaman, Kahramanmaras, Malatya, Hatay, and three districts in Gaziantep and Osmaniye) 760,000 people reside in formal and informal sites. It is estimated that 1.2 million women and girls of reproductive age, including 64,000 pregnant women are in need. The health and protection infrastructure remains below pre-disaster capacity. Humanitarian aid (including the most essential dignity, hygiene & healthcare items) has decreased for those living outside container cities; menstrual hygiene management is a serious issue.

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UNFPA Regional Response to Ukraine Emergency Situation Report #22

Situation Report

The Ukraine Regional SitRep #22 covers the humanitarian needs and response in Ukraine and neighbouring countries for the period November-December 2023.

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Final Evaluation of Regional Joint Programme “EU 4 Gender Equality: Together against gender stereotypes and gender-based violence”

Publication

This report presents the results of the independent evaluation of the first phase of the regional programme “EU 4 Gender Equality: Together against gender stereotypes and gender-based violence”, funded by the European Union, implemented jointly by UN Women and UNFPA. The first phase was active in Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Moldova, and Ukraine during March 2020 - June 2023.

This report was produced with the financial support of the European Union. Its content is the sole responsibility of UN Women and UNFPA and does not necessarily reflect the views of the European Union.

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Fact Sheet: Georgia

Fact Sheet

Son preference and daughter aversion have predominantly been understood in terms of gender-biased sex selection, which has been identified and measured by the presence of a skewed sex ratio at birth (SRB). When the “natural” sex ratio of 105 males to 100 females skews even further towards males, it indicates a prevalence of prenatal sex selection in favour of sons. Despite a decreasing SRB and a parallel trend in attitudinal data, son preference remains of significant concern in Georgia. 

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Fact Sheet: Azerbaijan

Fact Sheet

Son preference is a significant issue in Azerbaijan, sustained by harmful gender and social norms. This is reflected, for example, in data on the fertility choices of men and women in the 2018 International Men and Gender Equality Survey (IMAGES) (UNFPA Azerbaijan and others, 2018). Both male and female survey respondents said they preferred to have a larger number of boys than girls (Figure 1). Men showed a stronger preference than women for a larger number of boys: 41.5 per cent of men showed a preference for a greater number of sons over daughters, compared to just 18.3 per cent of women who shared this preference. By contrast, 17.5 per cent of women preferred to have more daughters than sons, a preference shared by only 6.0 per cent of men. Despite this preference for sons, more than half of Azerbaijanis aspired to have a gender-balanced family with an equal number of sons and daughters (UNFPA Azerbaijan and others, 2018). 

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Fact Sheet: Armenia

Fact Sheet

Son preference and daughter aversion have predominantly been understood in terms of gender-biased sex selection, which has been identified and measured by the presence of a skewed sex ratio at birth (SRB). When the “natural” sex ratio of 105 males to 100 females skews even further towards males, it indicates a prevalence of prenatal sex selection in favour of sons. The most recent data from Armenia indicates a rise of a skewed SRB. While the factors behind these developments remain uncertain without further research, the rising SRB highlights an enduring preference for male children and a perception of the lower value of girls in Armenia. 

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The UNFPA Demographic Resilience Programme

Publication

This brochure provides an overview of UNFPA’s Demographic Resilience Programme, which aims to strengthen the capacity of countries in Europe and Central Asia to respond to the profound demographic shifts the region is experiencing. 

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Regional Response to the Ukraine Crisis: UNFPA Appeal 2024

Publication

The war in Ukraine continues with no resolution in sight, taking a toll on the lives of millions of people, including women, girls, older persons and other vulnerable groups who have been uprooted from their homes. Over 14.6 million people – about 40 per cent of the estimated total Ukrainian population – will need humanitarian assistance in 2024. As they face the harsh realities of forced displacement, many women have become the sole providers for their families.

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15 Stories of Change

Publication

The three-year regional programme ’EU 4 Gender Equality: Together against gender stereotypes and gender-based violence’ (EU4GE), funded by the European Union and implemented jointly by UN Women and UNFPA, strengthens women’s and men’s equal rights and opportunities by shifting social perceptions, challenging gender stereotypes, and increasing men’s participation in unpaid domestic and care work. The first phase of the programme was active in Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Moldova, and Ukraine during March 2020 - June 2023.

Here are 15 stories of women and men, boys and girls who became gender equality advocates and whose lives have improved through the new experiences and knowledge they have acquired thanks to the EU4GE Programme.

This publication was produced with the financial support of the European Union. Its contents are the sole responsibility of UN Women and UNFPA and do not necessarily reflect the views of the European Union.

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Refugee Response in Armenia Situation Report #4

Situation Report

Over 100,000 people fled to Armenia following renewed hostilities in the Karabakh region in September 2023. As of 19 October 2023, the authorities had registered 101,848 refugees. More than half of them are reported to be women and girls; an estimated 2,070 women are currently pregnant, 120 have given birth since arriving in Armenia and an estimated 1,380 will give birth in the next 6 months. 29 per cent of refugees are reported to be under 18 years, 9 per cent to be people with disabilities and approximately 12 per cent to be older than 65 years.

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